Promotion of the Prague bishopric to an archbishopric, to which he agreed Pope Clement VI. Impetus was the founding of the cathedral. While most European cathedrals were built inside the city, the Cathedral of Prague was built outside the city, far above the middle of the Prague Castle, which was not only the seat of rulers, but also the only one of its kind in the sacred precinct with several churches.
The first master, who headed the construction, Matthias of Arras, called Charles of Luxembourg from Avignon to Prague mediated model of the French cathedral architecture. But Matthias' successor, genius Petr Parler, made Prague cathedral and its sculptural decoration features artisticly exceptional.
The work of Matthias of Arras and Peter Parler grew up in a time when Prague was the seat of the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire - Charles IV.
The most outstanding aspects of the cathedral are the Chapel of St. Wenceslas, the Czech Crown Jewels, the Silver Tomb of St. John of Nepomuk, and the Royal Tombs which is neo-gothic cast with stained glass.
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