Friday, September 19, 2014

Private  guide in Prague

Antonín Leopold Dvořák

(Prague, 8th of September 1841 - 1st of May 1904)
Was a composer of Bohemia, later part of the Austro-Hungarian territory Empire. It is considered to be the leading representative of the Czech nationalism in music. He gained international fame, but stayed devoted to the essence of his homeland music. He learned at an early age to play the violin, which allowed him to stay in his studies in Prague. In 1873 he shot to fame with his composition "Patriotic Hymn" nationalist deep draft. In 1886 he joined the orchestra of the National Theatre in Prague conducted by Bedrich Smetana. His growing fame led him abroad: Britain visited 9 times, St. Petersburg, Moscow, Berlin and United States - where he resided three years conducting the New York Conservatory where he composed his most famous work: the New World Symphony. He earned the admiration and support of musicians, such as Johannes Brahms and Tchaikovsky. He received several decorations and honours: honorary member of the Philharmonic Society of London, Honorary Doctor of Music from the University of Cambridge, Order of the Iron Cross awarded by the Emperor Franz Joseph I, in 1891 an honorary doctorate by the University of Prague, and a chair in the Academy of Sciences and Arts of Czechoslovakia and Berlin.

It was innovative in its concept of cosidering people not only starring in an opera, but also to attribute a critical role, for example: in Vysoka, his opera about miners, he wanted to show miners truth, so he requested their participation and even used the same machines used in the mines of Brezohorské and Pribram. He promised them that during the first performance at the National Theatre they would have the best places in the hall so that they could give their opinion on whether there had been a sense of reality and authenticity in it.
In 1895 he returned to the Czech Republic to take over the direction of the Prague Conservatory.
Despite international recognition, he remained humble and loyal to his Czech citizenship.
He died at his home on 1st of May, 1904, in his 62 years.

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